International Scientific Journal Vision <p>1. International Scientific Journal Vision began its publishing life in 2016. Our ISSN is 2545-4331.<br />2. International Scientific Journal Vision is both online and printed journal that publishes academic, scientific and research based articles.<br />3. International Scientific Journal Vision publishes 2 volumes in a year except special volumes. In every volume, articles are distributed in Social Sciences.<br />4. Guest editorship system is implemented in International Scientific Journal Vision. In almost all volumes has different guest editor(s).<br />5. International Scientific Journal Vision publishes articles in all branches of Social Sciences.<br />6. The language of articles must be in English.<br />7. Besides academic publishing, International Scientific Journal Vision developed an online journal publishing and article track system.<br />8. International Scientific Journal Vision became a sufficient reference guide in the field of social sciences.<br />9. For article processing and submission, International Scientific Journal Vision has no charges. However, once an article is decided to be published, then authors are needed to pay publication fee.<br />10. International Scientific Journal Vision is an open-access and double blind peer reviewed journal.</p> en-US (Aybeyan Selim) (ilker ali) Mon, 15 Apr 2024 14:38:22 +0200 OJS 60 EATING DISORDERS (ANOREXİA, BULİMİA, AND BİNGE EATİNG) <p>Eating disorders encompass a range of psychological conditions that contribute to the development of unhealthy eating habits. Individuals with eating disorders, due to dissatisfaction with their body shape and weight and the distress caused by this situation, exhibit many unhealthy attitudes and behaviors. The occurrence of eating disorders is not attributed to a single factor. These diseases are generally associated with genetic and biological predispositions. It is assumed that they emerge through the interaction of environmental, sociocultural, and spiritual factors. In the DSM-5 classification, the three best characterized typical eating disorders are anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and binge eating disorder.</p> Musa Musai, Yasemın Şabani Copyright (c) 2024 International Scientific Journal Vision Mon, 01 Jan 2024 00:00:00 +0100 ANOREXIA NERVOSA AND BULIMIA NERVOSA <p>Eating disorders are a serious psychopathology type based on the mutual interaction of biological, environmental, psychological, and socio-cultural factors. Individuals are indicated to be at risk for eating disorders from adolescence onwards.&nbsp; The most common eating disorders worldwide are anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa; approximately 1% of the general population exhibits symptoms of anorexia nervosa, while 4% shows symptoms of bulimia nervosa. These disorders, which negatively impact an individual's physiological health, mental health, and life for various reasons, are generally perceived by others in the environment after the illness has become chronic.</p> <p>Anorexia nervosa is characterized by very low body weight, distorted perception of body weight, and intense fear of gaining weight. Bulimia nervosa, on the other hand, is a disorder where individuals secretly consume large portions of food and then try to expel these foods in an unhealthy manner due to subsequent remorse. A multidisciplinary approach is necessary for diagnosing, treating, and monitoring the disease. Screening tests recommended for schools can detect anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa patients at an early stage before the disorders become chronic. Patients diagnosed with anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa tend to deny their illnesses.&nbsp; During the treatment, CBT, Family therapy, and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy are preferred depending on the patient's clinical findings to normalize eating behavior and regulate emotions and thoughts.</p> Havva Sabani, Esra Baki Copyright (c) 2024 International Scientific Journal Vision Mon, 01 Jan 2024 00:00:00 +0100 DEPRESSION IN ADOLESCENTS AND PSYCHOLOGICAL FACTORS <p>The adolescence period, which is the period after childhood, is when the individual experiences rapid physical and mental changes. Adolescents are trying to adapt to the changes they have experienced, to their environment and family. With the effect of adolescence, his voice, appearance, and sexual difference change. It gets out of concrete periods and gains an abstract point of view. During this period, the adolescent attaches importance to his independence and freedom and falls into depression when he does not receive sufficient support from the family or society. During this period, the adolescent is to create his own identity. His ideas are changing daily, and he is constantly searching for discovery. This situation mentally exhausts the adolescent himself and shows depressive symptoms. Adolescence consists of three phases: early, middle, and late adolescence. (Koç, 2004).&nbsp; Adolescents are in rapid growth. Early adolescence covers the ages of 12-14. In the process of sexual development, girls begin earlier than boys; these developmental processes are positively affected by boys, while girls suffer from eating disorders and depression due to low self-perception.</p> Muedin Kahveci, Derya Bolcal Copyright (c) 2024 International Scientific Journal Vision Mon, 01 Jan 2024 00:00:00 +0100 EATING DISORDERS IN WOMEN AND PSYCHOLOGICAL FACTORS <p>Eating disorders are disorders that affect people's mental and physical development. Conditions such as the environment and the physiological structure of the individual affect the individual. Generally, it can be seen in individuals of all ages, regardless of whether they are male or female. The reason it is common, especially in women, has been explained as women's self and aesthetic concerns. The individual's anxiety about being overweight, not wanting to be fat, maturing early, and wanting to be physically liked cause changes in the nutritional level and shape. On the other hand, familial factors also cause eating disorders. These are why the individual's family is overprotective and dominant, there are obese individuals in the family, and the individual has conflicts with his family. Nutritional changes made by the individual in the social process to make himself accepted or unhealthy diet and heavy exercise also cause eating disorders. In the individual's environment, efforts to comply with the perceptions of beauty imposed by society, the effect of the media in this process, and the anxiety of conforming to the standards of physical attractiveness trigger this situation. A woman with social anxiety changes her diet. Heavy diets, additional medications, heavy exercises, and behaviors that disrupt the eating pattern (such as vomiting) lead to serious illnesses. The process that starts with bodily aesthetic anxiety causes problems that will lead to situations that threaten the individual's life. In this process, the individual experiences physical and mental discomfort. Individual, familial, and social factors and eating disorders affect the physical and mental health of the individual. There are many eating disorders within the experienced process, effects, and results. These; include pica, anorexia nervosa, bulimia, binge eating disorder, emotional eating disorder, and an unclassifiable eating disorder.</p> Sehida Rizvance Masan, Gizem Çobanoğlu Copyright (c) 2024 International Scientific Journal Vision Mon, 01 Jan 2024 00:00:00 +0100 THE EFFECT OF PRIMARY CAREGIVERS ON ATTACHEMENT IN INFANTS <p>Attachment theory is a joint work of Bowlby and Mary Ainsworth. Bowlby established the basic principles of the theory based on the concepts of the child's attachment to the mother and the disruption of this attachment through separation, loss and death. Mary Ainsworth created the theory of attachment theory by conducting research and projects on attachment. Ainsworth formulated the concept of maternal sensitivity to the child's signals and its role in the development of child-mother attachment patterns and stated that the attachment figure is a safe base for the child to use while exploring the world. Parents' approach to their children and the way they raise them primarily affect the psychological structure of children. Children shape their relationships in other periods of their lives with the behavioral styles they see in their family. At this point, it also affects the social structure. In addition, it is thought that attachment patterns have an important place in determining the social-emotional competencies of individuals. In this study, it was tried to review how attachment patterns differ according to life stages, the continuity of attachment patterns formed in the first years of life and the relationships between attachment patterns and<br>social-emotional competencies.</p> Bulent Dervis, Tuna Tuner Copyright (c) 2024 International Scientific Journal Vision Mon, 01 Jan 2024 00:00:00 +0100 THE RELATION BETWEEN SCHOOL SUCCESS AND SELFEFFICIENCY WITH IN THE ADOLESCENTS <p>This scientific study was conducted in two educational institutions: the private Islamic religious high school ("Isa Beu" - extended girls class in Gostivar) and the state medical high school, primarily attended by female students. The student cohort ranged in age from 15 to 18, spanning from the first to the fourth year, with class sizes of approximately 15 students in both the private and state schools, totaling 120 students. The primary objectives of this research were to investigate the impact of self-efficacy on students' academic performance, discern potential variances in self-efficacy between general and religious educational settings, explore the influence of residence on adolescents' self-efficacy, compare self-efficacy levels between rural and urban student populations, assess differences in self-efficacy based on socioeconomic status among adolescents, and examine the relationship between parents' social status and adolescents' self-efficacy.</p> Mensur Nuredin, Zumera Alili Copyright (c) 2024 International Scientific Journal Vision Mon, 01 Jan 2024 00:00:00 +0100 EXAMINATION OF THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN FAMILY SELF-CONSTRUALS AND SUICIDAL ATTITUDES <p>In our research, the relationship between self-construals and suicide attempts is included. Here, the concept of family is taken into consideration in general. Also; Its definition, elements, features and development are subjected to analysis. Another concept that sheds light on the subject is the self-concept. Once defined self-concept, self-structures are defined, and is divided into two types of self structures is mentioned briefly on the work carried out in Turkey. Then, the concept of suicide is discussed conceptually in a narrow and broad way, the factors underlying suicide are classified, and suicide cases are revealed through numerical data, and a comprehensive literature review is made on the subject. In the same section; The positive and negative reflections of family self-construals and suicidal attitudes on each other, the relationship between them, Turkish and foreign studies on the subject are emphasized.</p> Nalan Kazaz, Dilek Özerhan Zengin Copyright (c) 2024 International Scientific Journal Vision Mon, 01 Jan 2024 00:00:00 +0100 EVALUATION OF THE HEALING EFFECT OF THE FAMILY IN TRAUMA AND STRESS-RELATED DISORDERS <p>its formation process and historical meaning are discussed, traits related to trauma are classified and divided into types. In addition to these, the effects and reflections of the trauma disorder are also investigated. The most important thing is to examine the trauma disorder on the basis of diagnostic criteria and to shed light on the treatment process. Another important concept here is the concept of anxiety. As in the concept of trauma, its diagnosis and treatment are included with definitions, features, formation process, types, effects and reflections. Another concept related to the subject is the concept of stress. In order to focus more closely on the concept of stress, which we are faced with today; It is discussed in a semantic sense, factors that cause stress, methods of protection from stress are evaluated and diseases caused by stress are analyzed. The healing effect of the family on the basis of trauma and stress-related disorders, which is expected to serve the basis of the subject; The effects of illnesses and their relationships with other illnesses, examining the healing effect of the family in trauma and stress-related disorders through examples, examining the effect of family ties on the subject and the resulting success rates are included in the research.</p> Adnan Vraynko, Engin Zengin Copyright (c) 2024 International Scientific Journal Vision Mon, 01 Jan 2024 00:00:00 +0100