International Scientific Journal Vision 2022-12-09T12:18:42+01:00 Aybeyan Selim Open Journal Systems <p>1. International Scientific Journal Vision began its publishing life in 2016. Our ISSN is 2545-4331.<br />2. International Scientific Journal Vision is both online and printed journal that publishes academic, scientific and research based articles.<br />3. International Scientific Journal Vision publishes 2 volumes in a year except special volumes. In every volume, articles are distributed in Social Sciences.<br />4. Guest editorship system is implemented in International Scientific Journal Vision. In almost all volumes has different guest editor(s).<br />5. International Scientific Journal Vision publishes articles in all branches of Social Sciences.<br />6. The language of articles must be in English.<br />7. Besides academic publishing, International Scientific Journal Vision developed an online journal publishing and article track system.<br />8. International Scientific Journal Vision became a sufficient reference guide in the field of social sciences.<br />9. For article processing and submission, International Scientific Journal Vision has no charges. However, once an article is decided to be published, then authors are needed to pay publication fee.<br />10. International Scientific Journal Vision is an open-access and double blind peer reviewed journal.</p> THE IMPACT OF DIRECT FOREIGN INVESTMENTS ON EMPLOYMENT - THE CASE OF NORTH MACEDONIA 2022-12-09T10:53:48+01:00 Bulent Dervis Emrije Agai-Lochi <p>The beginning of foreign direct investments into a country with the capital enables the entry of new technology.&nbsp; Yet, with the production of foreigners in the country on the one hand reduces the dependence on the other, ie imports, on the other hand increases the export capacity of the country. Foreign investors' operating in the country, means the establishment of new companies and the creation of new business areas.</p> <p>North Macedonia is the lowest cost per worker in the region. In order to attract foreign investments, Northern Macedonia has minimized the social security shares paid to the worker. However, the introduction of new investments has been encouraged by reducing the cost of social security and tax, which is financially burden for foreign and domestic investors.</p> <p>Revenues and institutions are among the conveniences applied to encourage foreign investors, tax exemptions and discounts, rawage imports and other customs duties, and regulations in the labor market.</p> <p>When we look at Northern Macedonia, especially between 2007 and 2020, foreign investors have provided many convenience to ensure that foreign investments enter the country.</p> <p>In recent years, a noticeable increase has been achieved in foreign investments. In the face of all these developments, the activities of foreign companies in the country, whether directly dependent on production or in the service sector, increased the employment and reduced unemployment. According to the data of the Macedonian Statistical Institute, the unemployment rate in the country in 2010 was approximately 37 percent, while in 2021, this rate decreased to 15 percent. Although the decrease in unemployment is attributed to foreign investments, especially the policies of the fight against unemployment implemented by the government.</p> 2022-09-01T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Scientific Journal Vision CHILDHOOD OBESITY AND PREVENTION 2022-12-09T11:03:23+01:00 Havva Sabani Yasemin Saban <p>The World Health Organization (WHO) defines childhood obesity as one of the most serious public health problems of the 21st century. In its simplest definition, obesity is an increase in excessive fat accumulation in the body in a way that impairs health. If the energy taken with food is more than the energy spent, the excess energy is stored as fat in the body and causes obesity. Obesity has negative effects on all systems and psychological states in the body, and these effects cause many health problems. Childhood obesity is a serious medical condition that affects children and adolescents. Being healthy is not limited to the physical well-being of the child. At the same time, the child's psychological well-being is a condition that creates a whole with the development of a positive self-perception about himself. Preventing obesity is crucial to the health and well-being of children. Prevention of obesity in children can achieve with parents' conscious and active participation.</p> <p>In this study, childhood obesity and its precautions were compiled by researching various publications.</p> 2022-09-01T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Scientific Journal Vision ANXIETY DISORDER AND PSYCHOLOGICAL FACTORS IN ADOLESCENTS 2022-12-09T11:10:10+01:00 Müedin Kahveci Tuna Tüner <p>Adolescence is when the individual develops and changes physically and spiritually, which begins after childhood. The individual started forming his ideas and thoughts and tried establishing his independence and identity in this period. In this process, the individual grows physically with her biological development and tries to understand her sexist identity with her sexual story. Because she has passed into the abstract period, she also forms her cognitive development.In adolescence, the period when all these developments are experienced, the individual is to gain and create his own identity. With the psychological effect of changes, adolescents are in stress and anxiety. As the state of anxiety causes positive situations in adolescents, this anxiety in which the physical and mental balance cannot establish causes psychological-based disorders. Anxiety disorder is one of them. Anxiety disorder occurs due to genetics, drugs, stress, and chemical substance use. It is a mental and physical disorder that the individual shapes without any relation to reality, has consequences on the adolescent, and affects the development and life functioning of the adolescent. These are panic attack disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, social anxiety disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and separation anxiety disorder. Conditions such as the adolescent's not continuing his education, his family's attitude, and the adolescent's personality traits affect this situation.</p> 2022-09-01T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Scientific Journal Vision THE CONCEPT OF GENDER AND RELATED THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK 2022-12-09T11:15:14+01:00 Sehida Rizvance Masan <p> Considering the fact that society treats women and men differently by assigning different characteristics, roles and responsibilities, the increasing number of studies on the causes of these differences has drawn attention to the concepts of "sex" and "gender".</p> <p>The concept of gender can be named as the stereotypes, judgments and prejudices acquired by the individual regarding gender during the socialization process, unlike the biological sex of the person. Gender is a socio-cultural phenomenon that emerges with the socialization process of the individual.</p> <p>The concept of gender is used to express the qualities built within the complex social relations network, the meanings attributed to femininity and masculinity, and the behaviors expected from them, apart from the concept of gender, which denotes the biological characteristics that define men and women.</p> <p>In this study, sex, gender roles, <strong> </strong>Gender equality/ Gender inequality and related theoretical approaches will be discussed in order to better understand the concept of gender.</p> 2022-09-01T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Scientific Journal Vision HYPER PRESIDENTIALISM AND FIRST YEAR OF THE TURKISH TYPE OF PRESIDENTIALISM 2022-12-09T12:04:26+01:00 Azam Körbayram Ahmet Ekinci <p>The new government system of Turkey can be described as hyper-presidentialism, this is because the president then becomes the arbiter of all powers. In another word, the power to enact decrees, appoint bureaucrats and judicial officials into offices, and the power to dissolve a parliament belongs solely to the president. As strong presidency fuse with disciplined party system as well as concurrent elections and 10 percent electoral threshold, the president possibly poses a great danger to the separation of powers. Additionally, with regards to the presidential term, the president constitutionally holds the power to be elected only for two terms in Turkey. However, Erdoğan and his supporters believe that the 2017 constitutional amendments that changed the system of government has reset the agenda. Thus, the 2017 amendments offered Erdoğan a secret opportunity to join the presidential election race for a third, and even a fourth term.</p> 2022-09-01T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Scientific Journal Vision VOCABULARY LEARNING AND VOCABULARY LEARNING STRATEGIES 2022-12-09T12:09:22+01:00 Arafat Usein <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Vocabulary learning is an important component&nbsp; in&nbsp; language&nbsp; learning&nbsp; and&nbsp; of&nbsp; critical&nbsp; importance&nbsp; to&nbsp; the&nbsp; typical&nbsp; language&nbsp; learner.&nbsp; It is a basic constituent of learning a language. If students lack vocabulary they&nbsp; will&nbsp; be&nbsp; unable&nbsp; to&nbsp; function&nbsp; in&nbsp; any&nbsp; particular communication. Also, the grammar&nbsp; or&nbsp; the structure&nbsp; of&nbsp; a&nbsp; language&nbsp; is also important.&nbsp; But if we wish to express ourselves effectively we need enough vocabulary. The more words we know, the better we understand what we read and listen to. Unfortunately, the&nbsp; importance of&nbsp; vocabulary&nbsp; teaching&nbsp; is being neglected&nbsp; by&nbsp; most&nbsp; of&nbsp; the&nbsp; language&nbsp; teachers. They assume&nbsp; that&nbsp; their&nbsp; students&nbsp; will&nbsp; learn&nbsp; words&nbsp; incidentally. It&nbsp; is&nbsp; thought&nbsp; that&nbsp; vocabulary&nbsp; expansion&nbsp; will&nbsp; happen&nbsp; through&nbsp; the&nbsp; practice&nbsp; of&nbsp; other&nbsp; language skills. Teachers&nbsp; need&nbsp; to&nbsp;&nbsp; be&nbsp; aware&nbsp; of&nbsp; and&nbsp; expand&nbsp; vocabulary&nbsp; teaching&nbsp; techniques. Furthermore, the language&nbsp; teacher&nbsp; needs&nbsp; to have a deep knowledge on Vocabulary Language Strategies, thus&nbsp; find&nbsp; systematic&nbsp; ways&nbsp; of&nbsp; helping&nbsp; learners&nbsp; in&nbsp; building&nbsp; vocabulary. This paper deals&nbsp; with&nbsp; some&nbsp; of&nbsp; the&nbsp; ways&nbsp; vocabulary&nbsp; is&nbsp; taught by pointing out the Vocabulary Learning, Learning Strategies and Vocabulary Learning&nbsp; Strategies.</p> 2022-09-01T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Scientific Journal Vision INTEGRATION OF JURAN'S TRILOGY, DEMING'S QUALITY CYCLE AND DMAIC METHODOLOGY IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF MANAGEMENT WITH QUALITY COST METHODOLOGY 2022-12-09T12:18:42+01:00 Cvetanka Velkoska <p>This paper presents systematized approach to introducing and implementing a management system with quality costs, with a development of a management methodology using quality costs which, in a structured and systematic manner includes all relevant procedures (algorithms), with a view fully expressing the benefits and usefulness of the quality costs. The methodological approach includes the algorithm for introducing and implementing the management system with quality costs, the algorithm for the selection of a relevant quality costs approach and model, the quality costs identification and categorization algorithm, the quality costs measuring algorithm, as well as the quality costs management algorithm and the algorithm for management with quality costs. The scientific contribution of this paper involves the integration of the three known methodologies used in quality management: Juran's trilogy, Deming's quality cycle – PDCA, and the DMAIC methodology, in the development of the methodology for quality management with quality costs, aimed at improving the effectiveness of the management system with quality costs and the sustainability of the company.</p> 2022-09-01T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Scientific Journal Vision