Prof. Dr. Marjan Bogdanoski
SECURITY IMPLICATIONS AND CHALLENGES OF THE MIGRANT CRISIS IN EUROPE
Europe is probably facing the greatest humanitarian catastrophe since the end of the World War II until now, as well as a huge political crisis caused by the population mass movements, from the crisis regions in the world towards its territory. The main migration courses are oriented towards the highly developed countries and the area where the European Union is not only mostly desired for the past several years, but it is also an easily reachable destination. What is evident is that the countries and the institutions of the European Union have recognized the migration problem too late, or rather, they have underestimated it as a phenomenon which carries a huge security risk, with reference to the fact that the migrations as a global problem are often connected to the transnational crime and terrorism. Because of this dimension, the implications that the refugee crisis have on the human, national and international security are huge. In this paper I will pay attention specifically to the reasons of the occurrence of the contemporary migration as a particular security problem.
Key words: migrants, security risks and threats, human security, national security, regional security