Mr.sci. Arafat USEIN
THE LIFE OF EMILY BRONTË AND CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF HER MASTERPIECE “WUTHERING HEIGHTS”
Emily Brontë is best known as for authoring the “Wuthering Heights”. She was the sister of Charlotte and Anne Brontë, also famous authors. She was born in Thornton, Yorkshire, England, on July 30, 1818, lived a quiet life in Yorkshire with her clergyman father; brother, BranwellBrontë; and two sisters, Charlotte and Anne. The sisters enjoyed writing poetry and novels, publishing under pseudonyms. As “Ellis Bell,” Emily wrote Wuthering Heights (1847)her only published novel – garnered wide critical acclaim. Emily Brontë died in Haworth, Yorkshire, England, on December 19, 1848 in the same year her brother, Branwell, passed away.The main theme in Wuthering Heights, the nature of love, both romantic and brotherly but, oddly enough, applies to the principal characters as well as the minor ones. The most important relationship in the novel is the one between Heathcliff and Catherine. The nature of their love seems to go beyond the kind of love most people know. In fact, it is as if their love is beyond this world, belonging on a spiritual plane that takes place anything available to everyone else on Earth. They both, however, do not fully understand the nature of their love, for they betray one another: Each of them marry a person whom they know they do not love as much as they love each other. Instead of symbolizing a particular emotion, characters symbolize real people with real, oftentimes not nice emotions. Every character has at least one redeeming trait or action with which the reader can empathize. This empathy is a result of the complex nature of the characters and results in a depiction of life in the Victorian Era,a time when people behaved very similarly to the way they do today.
Keywords: Wuthering Heights, Heatchlif, Cahterine, love, hatred, revenge