Mirjana Ristovska  PhD

Assistant Professor, Kliment Ohridski University-Bitola

e-mail: mimaristovska@yahoo.co.uk

Natasa Pelivanova PhD

Full Professor, Kliment Ohridski University-Bitola

e-mail: n_pelivanova@yahoo.com

INTERNATIONAL JURISDICTION OVER DISPUTES ARISING OUT OF THE CONSUMER CONTRACTS IN THE EUROPEAN UNION LAW

Abstract

ABSTRACT

As a result of globalization processes, the increased regional integration and the Internet development, the cross-border transactions are among the most common transactions concluded nowadays. Consumers conclude international consumer contracts very often without being aware of it. Consequently, new legal norms have been developed, aiming to protect consumers’ rights. Essentially, the main objective of these norms is to protect the consumer as a contracting party, which is in unequal position in relation to the trader, since he does not possess the necessary knowledge and has sufficient funds, in comparison with the trader.

This paper analyzes the norms of  jurisdiction in disputes arising out of the consumer contracts with a foreign element contained in: Regulation (EU) no. 1215/2012 of 12 December 2012 on jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of judicial decisions in civil and commercial matters (Brussels I Regulation – recast) as well as, in the Council Regulation (EC) No. 44/2001 of 22 December 2000 on jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of judicial decisions in civil and commercial matters (Brussels I Regulation). The main objective of this paper is to research and find out does the norms contained in above mention EU acts are protecting the consumers in sufficient way. To reach this objective the following methods were applied: historical method, method of analysis, normative method, comparative method, case law and Internet research.

Keywords: consumer contract, jurisdiction, Brussels I Regulation (recast).